Nature conservation has been a major preoccupation within European Union environmental policy since the 1970. For more than thirty years, legislatory and statutory texts concerning nature protection have also developed in European Union countries.
The European commission has created a new tool at the continental scale, which aims to be as effective as possible in protecting common heritage in the countries of the Union as a whole: the Nature 2000 Network.
The most important for Nature 2000 legislative texts are:
- Directive 79/409/CEE, April 1979; it concerns the conservation of wild birds (also known as the "Bird Directive");
- Directive 92/43/CEE, May 1992; it concerns the conservation of natural habitats and wild fauna and flora (also known as "Habitats Directive");
The efficient protection and management of the sites which create this Network will have the key importance for the long-term protection of many valuable species and habitats. What is more, the Nature 2000 is a great possibility to combine problems of nature conservation and regional development.
More than 15% Of territory of Poland is going to be a part of the European Nature 2000 Network. Among others areas the significant part of the Bolimow Landscape Park and the Rawka Valley (16 710 ha).
The most important amenities of this valuable area are the great biodiversity, numerous natural habitats (for instance peat bogs, wet leafy forests, wet and peaty meadows, wildfowl refuges) and rare species, named in "Bird Directive" and "Habitats Directive". Near 1000 species o vascular plants (217 rare and protected), 163 species of protected animals (for instance lynx, beaver, otter, black stork, kingfisher, withe-tailed eagle, lesserspotted eagle) livethere.
The part of the Nature 2000 named PLH 10007 "Bolimow Primeval Forest" is also a very important ecological corridor, with a great significance in Central Poland.